In post-kidney transplant foods, it is important to avoid raw foods such as vegetables, unmixed meat or ovaries, and foods rich in salt and sugar to avoid rejection of the transplanted kidney.
In this way, the diet should be led by a nutritionist and should be maintained normally until blood values are stable.
After a kidney transplant, the patient should take steroid medications, such as prednisolone, azathioprine, and cyclosporine, for example, to prevent rejection of a healthy new kidney. These drugs cause side effects such as high blood sugar and cholesterol, increased appetite and high blood pressure, and can lead to loss of muscle mass, and it is necessary to make a proper diet to prevent these complications.
Kidney Transplant Diet
A patient who has had a kidney transplant should have a balanced diet that helps control weight, as controlling it will help the patient not to develop complications such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and hypertension.
What To Eat After A Kidney Transplant
After a kidney transplant, care should be taken to reduce the risk of developing an infection or even rejecting the kidney and eating:
• Foods rich in fiber, such as grains and seeds, every day;
• Increase the amount of calcium and phosphorus such as milk, almonds and salmon, in some cases a recommended nutritional supplement to maintain strong and firm bones and teeth;
• Reducing sugar foods, such as sweets, which leads to a rapid increase in blood sugar, should choose carbohydrates, which are found in rice, corn, bread, pasta and potatoes. See more: Foods rich in sugar.
The patient should strive to maintain a balanced and varied diet in order to maintain the proper functioning of the body.
What To Avoid After A Kidney Transplant
To maintain good kidney transplant function, avoid:
• Foods with fat that lead to an increase in cholesterol and can cause clogging of the arteries and can cause a heart attack or stroke in the brain;
• Alcoholic beverages, because they interfere with liver function;
• Do not consume sodium, which is found in the kitchen, canned food and frozen foods, helping to control fluid retention, bloating and high blood pressure. Learn tips to reduce your intake in: How to reduce your salt intake.
• Limit the amount of potassium found in bananas and oranges as the drug increases potassium. See potassium-rich foods in: Potassium-rich foods.
• Do not consume raw vegetables, choose to bake, always wash with 20 drops of sodium hypochlorite in two liters of water and let stand for 10 minutes;
• Do not eat seafood, eggs and sausages;
• Store food in the refrigerator for only 24 hours, avoiding eating frozen food;
• Rinse the fruit well and opt for cooked and fried fruit;
• Do not limit the amount of liquids, such as water and juices, if there are no contraindications.
Some patients do not undergo a kidney transplant, however, they undergo hemodialysis and should maintain hygienic care, but should follow a diet with a limited amount of fluid, protein and salt control. See more: Food for hemodialysis.